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In some documents it's necessary to put annotations at the bottom of the page. This article explains how to add footnotes

Contents

Introduction

Adding a footnote to your document is straightforward

I'm writing something here to test \footnote{footnotes working fine}
several features.

The command \footnote{footnotes working fine} adds a superscript to the word right before the command and prints the corresponding footnote.

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Basic usage

The superscript mark to reference a footnote can be manually set. See the example below:

I'm writing something here to test \footnote[10]{footnotes working fine}
several features. You can write the footnote text\footnotemark in its
own line.
\footnotetext{Second footnote}

There are three new commands here:

\footnote[10]{footnotes working fine}
Adds a footnote using "10" as reference mark. Unless you have a good reason to do this, it's not recommended because the footnote counter is not altered and you may end up with two different footnotes with the same mark.
\footnotemark
Prints a foot note mark but without the actual footnote. This is helpful to write the actual footnote text in a new line.
\footnotetext{Second footnote}
Prints the footnote corresponding to the previous \footnotemark .

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Footnotes with multiple references

We can add several references to a single footnote mark

I'm writing something here to test \footnote{footnotes working fine} 
several features. You can write the footnote text\footnotemark in its 
own line.
 
\footnotetext{Second footnote}
 
For instance\footnotemark I can use the same footnote more than 
once\footnotemark[\value{footnote}].
 
\footnotetext{footnote with two references}

The command \footnotemark[\value{footnote}] inserts a superscript corresponding to the current value of the counter footnote .

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Changing the numbering style

You can change the type of numbers printed by the footnote counter

\footnotetext{footnote with two references} 
 
\renewcommand{\thefootnote}{\roman{footnote}}
Now a footnote in Roman\footnote{This footnote is in Roman numerals}

The command \renewcommand{\thefootnote}{\roman{footnote}} sets the number styles to lowercase roman . Other possible styles are:

  • arabic Arabic numerals.
  • Roman Upper case Roman numerals.
  • alph Alphabetic lower case.
  • Alph Alphabetic upper case.
  • fnsymbol A set of 9 special symbols.

You can use this command in the preamble to change the numbering style of the footnotes in the whole document.

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Further reading

For more information see: